第11章 粗口英譯

似乎從來沒有書本談過廣州話粗口的英譯,相信很多人會對本章的內容特別感到興趣。

11.1 粗口英譯的難與易
11.2 英語粗口的主要概念
11.3 英語粗口的語言特性
11.4 粗口單詞英譯
11.5 粗口句子英譯
11.6 粗口委婉句的英譯

11.1 粗口英譯的難與易

粗口英譯既難亦易。難,是因為沒有多少工具書可供參考;易,則是因為英語粗口的核心概念其實十分簡單,而且語法相當靈活。

在英美社會,有談及粗口的參考書同樣缺乏。儘管當地不少人說粗口,但語言學者對粗口的研究大都態度冷淡。即使是以收詞齊備、釋義詳盡見稱的權威英語字典Oxford English Dictionary,也要到一九七二年才破禁收入粗口英詞,但亦只是聊備一格,所列義項及例句既簡且陋,與其他詞條旁徵博引、解釋詳盡的編輯風格迥然有別。語法書方面,Michael Swan在一九八零年牛津出版社出版的Practical English Usage一書中以整章共五頁的篇幅討論禁忌語及粗口(taboo words and swearwords),當時是相當大膽的做法,令不少學術界人士側目。該書深深切合外國人學習英語的需要,面世後一紙風行,成為同類語法書的典範。可惜,到了第二版,基於未明的原因,粗口一章已全部刪去。

幸而,學習英語粗口不乏「活」的途徑,其中最有趣的莫過於看電影。不少娛樂性電影都有粗口,從電影劇情的脈絡,人物對答的上文下理,通常不難意會粗口的意思,而且更可掌握地道的爆粗語境、語氣和音調等。此外,一些棟篤笑能手(standup comedian)如George Carlin,演出時亦經常使用粗口,甚至以此作為搞笑題材。當然,從這些途徑學習粗口,需要具備一定的英語聆聽能力和語感。

11.2 英語粗口的主要概念

如果只想懂得基本的英語粗口,那倒不太困難。英語粗口主要涉及三個概念,即性禁忌及道德禁忌、污穢事物及褻瀆語言,最常用的核心詞彙列於下表:

概念 常用的核心粗口詞彙
性禁忌及道德禁忌 (性交類詞語) fuck
(手淫類詞語) wanker
(口交類詞語) cocksucker
(女性性器類詞語) cunt
(男性性器類詞語) dick; cock
(身體器官類詞語) tits
(亂倫類詞語) motherfucker (註:沒有「motherfuck」的逆構用法)
(私生子類詞語) bastard; son of a bitch
(同性戀、雞姦類詞語) bugger; faggot; sod
污穢事物 shit
piss
asshole
褻瀆語言 damn; God damn
Hell
bloody
Jesus; Christ; Jesus Christ; God

絕大部份粗口都是利用這些概念的詞彙構成的。舉例來說,「shit」系詞彙有crap、turd、bullshit、horseshit、shitty、shithead、shitface、shitload、fuckshit等。

11.3 英語粗口的語言特性

英語粗口的語法和語義極具彈性。舉例來說,常用粗口詞「fuck」便具有多種詞性:

不及物動詞 (intransitive verb) They fucked all night.
及物動詞 (transitive verb) He fucked her.
名詞 (noun) He's a real fuck.
She's a nice fuck.
感歎語 (expletive) Fuck!
強調成分 (intensifier) What are you fucking doing here? (加強動詞)
She's fucking beautiful. (加強形容詞)
Days went by so fucking slowly! (加強副詞)
What a fucking idiot! (加強名詞)
中綴 (infix) abso-fucking-lutely
un-fucking-believable
in-fucking-credible
god-fucking-dammit
fan-fucking-tastic
ex-fucking-cuse me
guaran-fucking-tee
far-fucking-out
okie-fucking-dokie
Jesus Fucking Christ
Cinder-fucking-rella
連接詞 (conjunction) She is easy, fuck she's also stupid.

此外,「fuck」與很多粗口詞一樣,具有多義的特點:

性交 He wants to fuck the girl. (佢想條女。)
辱罵對方 Fuck you! (你老母!)
拒絕 You want me to help that bitch. Fucked if I will! (你想我幫條臭,冇得傾!)
欺騙 He got fucked by the unscrupulous merchant. (佢畀個奸商呃咗。)
利用 Don't trust him. He's just trying to fuck you over. (咪信佢,佢想利用你咋。)
一丁點兒 I don't give a fuck. (我一啲都唔關心。)
令人討厭的人 He's a real fuck. (佢真係個好討厭H仆街。)
性伴侶 She's a nice fuck. (佢真係個好正H性對手。)
加強語氣 Where the fuck have you gone? (你去咗邊?)
What the fuck do you want from me? (你想我點樣?)
What are you fucking doing here? (你喺度做乜嘢?)
What the fuck are you doing here? (你喺度做乜嘢?)
She's fucking gorgeous. (佢好正。)
Yesterday school went by so fucking slowly! (琴日返學時間過得好慢!)
胡混、閒蕩 I am fucking around with the website at the moment, so things are looking quite messy. (個網站家陣重係搞緊試緊,所以啲嘢都幾亂。)
呼來喝去 The boss kept fucking him about. (老細成日將佢呼來喝去。)
甚麼也沒有 We did fuck all this weekend. (今個周末我哋乜都冇做過。)
走開、滾蛋 Fuck off! (走開!)
算了吧! Oh, fuck it! (,算數啦!)
表示吃驚、討厭 Fuck it! (嘩,!)
手淫 The suspect was caught fucking off on a bus. (疑犯喺巴士上面打飛機畀人捉到。)
搞糟、破壞、混亂、一塌胡塗 He has fucked up the whole project. (佢將成個計劃搞喎咗。)
The project is a total fuck-up. (個計劃搞到一塌胡塗。)
管閑事、干涉、惹怒 Don't fuck with me, asshole. (仆街,你咪惹我呀鵅C)
擅自摸弄 Don't fuck with my books. (咪亂搞我啲書。)
精疲力竭 I can't walk any further. I am fucked out. (我已經攰到死,行唔郁嘞。)
陷於窘境 The buyer has backed out of the deal. We are fucked. (買家退出咗交易,我哋死梗喇。)
討厭的 I hate this fucking work. (我好憎呢啲討厭H工作。)
困難的 I did not know how to answer those fucking questions. (嗰啲題目好深,我都唔識答。)
低劣的 He spent two hundread bucks and got this fucking shit. (佢使咗兩嚿水買啲咁H嘢返嚟。)
老做蠢事的人、辦事靠不住的人、笨蛋 That guy is a real fuck-off. He screws up everything. (條友仔正一碌,乜嘢都畀佢搞到一鑊泡。)
喝醉 He got so fucked up last night that he could not find his way home. (琴晚佢醉到唔識路返屋企。)
困惑 What the fuck!? (搞乜嘢呀!?)

英語粗口的另一特點是同一意思容許多種表達方式。舉例來說,以下句子都是叫別人離開:

Fuck off!
Piss off!
Get the fuck out of here!
Move your ass out of here!
Get stuffed!
Go to hell!

此外,英語粗口詞很多時都不解作字面的意思。舉例說,英語粗口可以說cold as hell,也可以說hot as hell,甚至說funny as hell等。很明顯as hell不是形容地獄的情況,而只是褻瀆語言類別的粗口用詞。

從上可見,英語粗口語法靈活,詞語多義,而且容許不同的表達方式,因此粗口英譯其實相當自由。下文先介紹粗口單詞的翻譯,然後再以例句討論粗口句子的翻譯。

11.4 粗口單詞英譯

【粗口(語言)】

swearing; bad language; foul language

【說粗口】

swear; speak foul language

另外美國黑人的互相罵娘遊戲稱為 play the dozens 或do the dozens。

【粗口詞語】

swearwords; bad words; dirty words; four-letter words; f-words

【爛口】、【愛說粗話】

foulmouthed

【爛口鬼】、【滿口粗話的人】

potty-mouth

【仆街】

用作動詞時可譯作drop dead或go to hell。指討厭的人時可譯為asshole; bastard; cocksucker; fuck; fucker; fuck-off; motherfucker; real fuck; son of a bitch; wanker等。

【咸家鏟】

字面可譯作death to your family。指討厭的人時可譯為asshole; bastard; cocksucker; fuck; fucker; fuck-off; motherfucker; real fuck; son of a bitch; wanker等。

】(動詞)

一般可譯為fuck。

譯入正式語可使用:coitus; copulate; have carnal knowledge; have sex; have sexual intercourse; have sexual relations等。

其他同義詞有:ball; bang; bonk; crawl; cream; crumpet; diddle; dip one's wick; do; do it; do the bone dance; do the nasty; frig; get into; get it off; get it on; get laid; get some; get some action; get some ass; get some crack; get some hair; get some hole; get some pussy; get some stuff; get some tail; get some tweeze; get with; go all the way; go to bed with; have it off with; hide the salami; hop on; hose; hump; jazz; jelly; jig-jig; jounce; jug; juke; knock off; know; lay; lay off with; make it; make love; mount; nail; nooky; poke; pork; pound; quimsticking; ram; roger; roll in the hay; root; score; screw; shack up; shaft; shag; shove; slam; sleep with; slip a length; thread; throw a hump; throw a shot; tom around; trim; trim the buff; tumble; tumple; twiddle; wham-bam thank you ma'am; yard等。

】(名詞)

一般可譯為dick。用於性的描述時,則多用cock。此外,常用英詞尚有prick。

譯入正式語時可使用:penis或phallus。

其他同義詞有:banana; bayonet; bone; boner; club; creamstick; ding-a-ling; ding-dong; dingle-dangle; dong; dork; fucking stick; horn; john; johnson; joystick; meat; member; old man; one-eyed snake; one-eyed trouser trout; one-eyed wonder worm; pecker; peter; pintle; pisser; pole; private parts; privates; rod; root; salami; sausage; schlong; shaft; stalk; swipe; tool; trouser snake; tube; wang; whang; willie; winkle (小兒陰)等。

一般可譯為cunt。用於性的描述時,則多用pussy。常用英詞尚有twat及quim。

譯入正式語時可使用:vagina; vulva; pudenda。

其他同義詞有:bearded clam; beaver; box; cunny; fanny; fuck flaps; fuck hole; furbox; furburger; hole; muff; nook; nooky; piss flaps; pisser; poke hole; poontang; private parts; privates; quiff; screw-hole; slit; slot; snapper; snapping pussy; snatch; snatch-box; tail等。

】、【仆街】、【咸家鏟】(歎詞)

表示不悅、憤怒、驚奇、失望、惋惜時可使用:

Fuck!
Fuck it!
Oh, fuck!
Fuck me!
Damn!
Damn it!
Damnit!
Dammit!
God damn it!
Motherfucker!
Shit!
Oh, shit!
Jesus!
Jesus Christ!
Oh my God!
Holy shit!
Oh, hell!

樣】

asshole; cocksucker; dickhead; dickwad; dirt bag; douche bag; dumbfuck; fuckbag; fucker; fuckface; fuckhead; fucknut; jackass; motherfucker; real fuck; scumbag; shitface; wanker

頭】、【頭】(指龜頭時)

glans; glans penis

頭】、【碌】、【頭】、【笨】、【戇】(指愚蠢、呆笨的人時)

assface; cock-brained; cocksucker; dickhead; dickwad; dumbass; dumbfuck; fuckass; fuckbrain; fuckchop; fuckface; fuckhead; fucking idiot; fucknut; fuckwad; fuckwit; lamefuck; shithead; stupid fuck; stupid fucker; stupid shit

【含

常用的對應詞有:blow somebody; facefuck; get head (受); give face (施); give head (施); go down on somebody; suck cock; suck dick; suck somebody; suck somebody off (口爆)等。此外,使用「job」的口語詞也不少:blow job; face job; french job; head job; hum job; pipe job; tongue job等。

譯入正式語時可使用:penilingus。

其他同義詞有:bone-lipper; chew it; copa doodle; copa stem; drop on it; lay some lip; mouth fuck; munch; open wide for chunky; serve head; smoke a dick; sucky-fucky; swing on it; suck on a pole等。

【舐

常用的對應詞有:give head (施); give face (施); get head (受); go down on somebody; eat somebody out; eat pussy; facefuck等。此外,使用「job」的口語詞有:blow job; face job; french job; head job等。

譯入正式語時可使用:cunnilingus。

其他同義詞尚有:dive a muff; go south; go under the house; plate; sit on one's face; smoke the fur; tongue-fuck等。

【肥

fat bitch; fat pussy; fat fuck; fat ass

【臭

指生殖器時可譯為stinking cunt; smelly cunt或sweaty twat。指不好的女人時可譯為cunt; bitch; dirty whore等。

【姣

bangster; bit of crumpet; bit of tail; bitch; cooze; cunt; easy lay; easy make; easy meat; easy tumble; floozie; fuck ass; hot lay; letching piece; loose woman; piece of ass; piece of crumpet; piece of stray; piece of tail; playgirl; pleaser; scrubber; scupper; sexpot; shagstress; slot-job; slut; strollop; tickle-tail; tramp; wag-tail; walk-up fuck; wanton; warm bit; willing-tit

【懵】、【蠢】、【戇

dumb pussy

水】

vaginal secretion; love juice; lather; letch-water

毛】

pubic hair; fuck fur; bush; moss; pussy hair; maidenhair

毛】

pubic hair; bush

屎窟】

常用口語有:assfuck; buttfuck; roger; do it up the ass; fuck in the ass; fuck in the brown; fuck up the ass等。

譯入正式語時可用:anal sex; sodomy; buggery等。

其他同義詞有:back door; bum fuck; butt bang; do a brown; fish for brown trout; fluff the duff; fuck at the altar; go down the dirt road; paint the bucket; ram job; ream; ride the deck; saddle up; shit fuck; sod; split some buns; thread someone; tom-fuck等。

11.5 粗口句子英譯

翻譯粗口句子沒有甚麼理論,只要譯出整體意思和語氣便可,一般無須過份拘泥字面意思。舉例來說,「你老母臭」,字面可譯為Fuck your mom's stinking cunt,但西人實際上不會這樣說,譯為Fuck you已經可以。

談粗口句子的翻譯,最宜以實例示範。以下逾百例句涵蓋不同的爆粗情況,只要能夠舉一反三、觸類旁通,定可掌握粗口英譯的基本原則。例句來自不同的現實語料,部份頗為粗鄙,但為有意義地討論粗口英譯,不予淡化處理。本節從語文角度探討中英翻譯,不作不利學術討論的忌諱。

你! Fuck you!
你老母! Fuck you!
Fuck your mom!
佢老母! Fuck the fucking fucker!
你啦死仆街! Fuck you, you fucking fuck!
你去仆街啦! Go fuck yourself!
Fuck off and die!
你真係死蠢呀仆街! You stupid fuck!
那媽!條樣乜都搞到一鑊泡。 Motherfucker! This dickhead has fucked up everything.
呢條碌真係不知所謂。 This stupid prick is a fucking piece of shit.
佢過去幾年嚟H死蠢表現真係到令人難以置信。 His shitty performance over the past years is un-fucking-believable.
塌糊塗!但佢一啲都唔覺得醜。 What a fucking mess! But he does not feel the least bit ashamed.
條豬白癡真係唔死都冇用。 This fucking idiot is a worthless asshole who might as well fucking kill himself.
佢啲鴻圖大計全部都係U廢話。 All his grand plans are just fucking bullshit.
佢滷味以為自己係一哥,其實咪係隻含食屎狗。 He fucking thinks he's the boss when he is nothing but a cunt licking cock sucking ass-kisser.
條仆街用屎窟嚟諗嘢。 This dumbfuck has shit for brains.
老實講,佢乜都唔識。 Frankly, he doesn't know shit.
每次見到條廢柴窒口窒舌咁講廢話就扯火,宜得兜巴摑到佢仆街。 Everytime I saw that fuckchop jibbering rubbish, I got so pissed off that I wanted to smack the shit out of him.
呢個又蠢又固執H老嘢究竟知唔知自己做緊乜? Does this fuck-headed old man know what the bloody hell he is doing?
過份嘞! It's too fucking much!
點解呢條仆街廢柴重可以繼續做落去?我真係唔明白。 Why is such a lamefuck still allowed to stay in his job? I just don't fucking get it.
我真係好憎條仆街。 I really hate that son of a bitch.
呢條仆街咸家鏟打得佢少! He's the fucking cocksucker who needs the shit kicked out of him.
正一仆街契弟! What a fucking dick lick faggot!
收皮啦,廢 Fucking go home, you useless cunt!
啲仆街啦,賤人! Drop dead, you pigfucker!
那星仆街咸家鏟! Fucking-fuckity-fuck-fuck-fuuuuuck!
睇懮\地,成班都係食屎屙飯H白癡! Look at them, what a bunch of cretinous shithead fuckwads!
我哋H前途掌握喺呢班死蠢仆街手裡面,都咪話唔心實。 It is fucking sad that our future is in the hands of these god damn fuckwits.
你班死白癡擦鞋仔,食屎啦! Eat shit, you fucking lame brain bootlickers!
同你傾兩句得唔得?
傾你老母!
Can I have a word with you?
Fuck off!
我今日心情好差。 I feel like ass today.
啲收聲,唔係打你! Fucking shut up or I'll beat the shit out of you!
我實爆你隻屎眼! I'm gonna shove my big fat dick up your ass.
搵日我實到佢反肚。 One of these days I'm gonna fuck the shit out of him.
啦你! Why don't you go and fuck yourself?
Fuck off!
Fuck you!
開啦! Fuck off!
Get the fuck out of here!
Piss off!
!佢大姨媽嚟咗。 Shit! She is having a visit from Aunt Flo.
!做嚟把咩。 Fuck! What's the fucking use of doing that fucking shit?
仆街嘞!鎖匙留咗喺屋企度。 Fuck! I have left my keys at home.
!又衰咗。 Damn! I have screwed it up again.
仆街!唔記得個密碼㖭。 Oh, fuck! I've forgotten the password.
!揩花咗架車。 God damn it, I fucking scratched my car.
你慳啲啦! Go fuck a duck!
嘩!條女好索。 Wow! That girl is fucking beautiful.
我開開儱|,放咗個好臭H無聲屁,真係瘀到震。 In the middle of the meeting, I cut loose with a silent but deadly. It was so fucking embarrassing.
搵笨嘢嚟㗎咋,專門呃啲初哥。 It's just a fucking con trick to fool the newbies.
你喺度做乜嘢呀? What the fuck are you doing here?
What are you fucking doing here?
條友好 That guy is a damn fool.
呢度熱死人呀。 It is too damn hot here.
佢唱歌好掂。 He's a damn good singer.
條友係邊個嚟㗎? Who the hell is that guy?
呢啲喺乜嘢嚟㗎? What the hell is this shit?
你以為你係邊個呀? Who the hell do you think you are?
你去邊度呀? Where the hell are you going?
你點解呃佢? Why the hell did you cheat him?
咁好H伙記,我點樣炒得落手? How the hell can I fire such a good employee?
佢手車好辣。 He's a hell of a driver.
佢講棟篤笑講得好精采。 He's a fucking brilliant standup comedian.
呢啲係乜嘢嚟㗎? What the fuck is this?
咁真係好荒謬。 This is fucking ridiculous.
你有冇搞錯呀! What's fucking wrong with you!
我好趕呀。 I am in a fucking hurry.
呢條友真係好 This guy is really shitty.
呢本書真係到暈。 This book is a real piece of shit.
我成世人都未見過啲嘢到咁淒涼。 It's the most worthless piece of shit I've ever seen in my fucking life.
你想點樣就點樣啦。 Do what the fuck you want to do.
咁你想我點樣吖? Well, what the fuck do you want from me?
咁就正晒嘞。 That'd be fucking great.
個插蘇喺邊度呀? Where the fuck is the socket?
佢同條仔第一次約會就上床,但係兩日後條仔就飛咗佢。 She had sex with the guy on their first date. But he fucking dumped her two days later.
你講得好啱。 You're fucking-A right.
You're fucking-A-number-one right.
我發誓冇做過! I didn't fucking do it, I swear!
我哋快啲走啦! Let's get the fuck out of here!
搞乜嘢呀? What the fuck is going on here?
咁點樣吖? So fucking what?
我理得咁多。/我話之佢啦。 I don't give a fuck.
I don't give a damn.
I don't give a shit.
啲嘢好唔好食?好條 How's the food?
It sucks. / It tastes like shit.
你唔出聲,邊個知噃? If you keep quiet, who's gonna fucking find out?
喂,唔使咁擔心噃。 Come on, don't be a pussy about it.
喂,使乜咁騰雞呀,冇乜大不了啫。 C'mon, don't be such a chickenshit - it's really no big deal.
嗱廢話咪多講。 Now cut the crap.
Don't talk bullshit.
可唔可以借啲錢畀我?借你條 Can you lend me some money?
Damned / Fucked if I will!
畀你嚇死。 You scared me shitless.
佢好惡死咁睥實我,又豎起隻中指對我做咗個粗口手勢。 He stared at me angrily and gave me a fucking finger.
死臭,你夠膽咁樣同我講嘢? You cunt bitch whore. How dare you fucking ever talk to me like that.
佢出晒名係𡁻完鬆㗎啦。 He's a notorious fuck-and-run guy.
死仔,你整壞咗我部電腦喇! You've screwed my computer, asshole!
打唔打多四圈吖?
唔打𡀔,攰到死喇!
How about another four rounds of mahjong?
No, I'm fucked.
碌戇,連自己大相公都唔知。 The jackass didn't even notice he had a long suit.
行快啲啦! Move your fucking ass!
Get your ass in gear!
佢嚟唔嚟?
知喎。
Is he coming?
Fuck knows / Fuck if I know.
你呃我咩! You're shitting me!
使理啲規條! Fuck the rules!
佢落足咀頭想冧條肥上床。 He tried to talk the fat ass into bed.
佢心情唔多靚,你精H就唔好去惹佢。 You don't want to fuck with him. He's in bad moods.
如果你再搞喎單嘢,我哋實聽仆街。 If you fuck this up again, we'll be in deep shit.
個計劃衰晒。 The project was a complete fuck-up.
喂,咪亂搞我架新相機。 Hey, don't fuck with my new camera.
個房入面乜都冇。 There's fuck all in the room.
我成日乜都冇食過呀。 I've had fuck all to eat all day.
我畀個仆街經紀呃咗。 I got fucked by the fucking broker.
大佬,條女唔係醜,係好醜! Man, the bitch is not just ugly, she's fugly!
佢正一係爛口鬼,講少句粗口都唔得。 He's a god damn potty-mouth who cannot go one second without saying one fucking swearword.

11.6 粗口委婉句的英譯

粗口委婉句可用對等的委婉方式譯出:

妖! Shoot!
關你叉事。 It's none of your freaking business.
你條咸家富貴。 You son of a gun.
你做乜諗嘢呀? What the heck are you doing?
佢好很快就較咗腳啦。 He left doggone fast.
真係好Q正。 It was darn so good.
嘩,刁那星,你睇佢對波! Geez! Look at her tits.
昭記滷味!佢地搞搞震冇幫襯! Martha Focker! They just fucked around without buying anything.



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